Brass mine was discovered before Christ; however, the place and date it was discovered is an unknown mine. Brass alloy was obtained as a result of mixing copper and zinc ore in 16th century AD.
The Romans used the brass mine for armor in ship parts, from jewelery to belt buckle. After the loss of Roman lands in northern Europe, declining rice production revived during the Carolingian period. At that time, brass alloy, lamps, bowls, jugs and other types of household goods were made. After the 16th century, brass plates were made. New gold and silver ornaments, brass chandeliers, candlesticks were made using brass alloy and sold to many parts of the world. In addition, brass was used for wall and sundial construction.
Brass can also be used in astronomy, geodesy, maritime and so on. became the basic material of scientific tools used in such fields.
- Brass is a copper alloy with zinc.
Copper and zinc ore are used together to produce a brass mine that is as hard and solid as bronze and whose color is golden and yellow and bright. The brass alloy most similar to gold is a copper alloy containing 20% zinc. Zinc content in rice can be increased up to 40%; however, as the zinc of the rice multiplies, the color of the substance becomes white and loses its brightness.
The brass alloy is as hard and strong as bronze; can not be processed without annealing. If it is desired to forge very thin sheets of brass, the zinc content in the alloy must be reduced, but in this case the mineral loses its strength and luster.
In the Islamic mining art, brass has been used extensively since the third quarter of the 12th century in addition to bronze and especially in the production of the forging technique.
Arabic copper is called “nuhas“ copper-tin (bronze) alloy “surf;; for copper-zinc (brass) alloy, the words “shabah” and bakır nuhas asfar kullanılır are used. Is derived from the word “shabaha;; meaning “gold-like mine“.
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